Governance Reference Documents

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Indian Government Support Programs

Band Advisory Services, Band Employee Benefits, Band Support Funding, Professional and Institutional Development, and Tribal Council Funding.

Tools for Governance

Costing Studies

AANDC Backgrounders

Other Resources for Governance

First Nations Fiscal Management Act Institutions

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

The World Bank

Every year, hundreds of First Nations communities hold a leadership selection process, which takes the form of, in most cases, an election. The chart below shows the current gender breakdown of chiefs and councillors on First Nations band councils across Canada as of the indicated date.

Regional Breakdown by Gender of Chiefs and Councillors
July 1, 2015
Region Male Chiefs Female Chiefs Male Councillors Female Councillors
Atlantic 24 10 151 70
(Prince Edward Island) (1) (1) (4) (1)
(New Brunswick) (11) (4) (67) (33)
(Newfoundland/Labrador) (4) (0) (13) (9)
(Nova Scotia) (9) (4) (69) (26)
Alberta 43 1 179 47
British Columbia 143 40 464 292
Manitoba 38 5 141 44
Northwest Territories 10 1 31 24
Ontario 90 25 433 189
Québec 32 3 101 68
Saskatchewan 60 6 336 56
Yukon 10 4 23 26
SummaryFootnote 1 451 94 1,861 815
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