Registered Indian Population by Residence and Gender, 2013: Summary Statistics

Map of Registered Indian Population by Residence and Gender, 2013
Registered Indian Population by Residence and Gender, 2013
AANDC Region All Residences On Reserve & Crown Land Off Reserve
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
Canada / All Regions 919,745 452,234 467,511 481,068 244,398 236,670 438,677 207,836 230,841
Atlantic 61,742 30,188 31,554 23,082 11,503 11,579 38,660 18,685 19,975
Quebec 82,457 40,256 42,201 54,846 27,498 27,348 27,611 12,758 14,853
Ontario 199,609 96,947 102,662 93,119 47,070 46,049 106,490 49,877 56,613
Manitoba 146,965 73,115 73,850 88,213 45,115 43,098 58,752 28,000 30,752
Saskatchewan 144,556 71,332 73,224 70,654 35,914 34,740 73,902 35,418 38,484
Alberta 118,164 58,402 59,762 72,625 36,776 35,849 45,539 21,626 23,913
British Columbia 138,709 68,396 70,313 62,235 32,164 30,071 76,474 36,232 40,242
Yukon 9,092 4,511 4,581 3,990 2,130 1,860 5,102 2,381 2,721
Northwest Territories 18,451 9,087 9,364 12,304 6,228 6,076 6,147 2,859 3,288
Source: AANDC, Indian Register, December 31, 2013

For detailed information by individual First Nations, please contact


These counts were extracted from AANDC's Indian Registration System (IRS) as at December 31, 2013, and have not been adjusted for late reporting of births or deaths. Furthermore, they reflect residency codes for individuals affiliated with AANDC recognized First Nations only. As such, on reserve numbers for each Region should not be taken to represent the true population for the following reasons:

  1. They contain no information on any Non-Registered individuals who may be living on reserve or crown lands,
  2. They contain no information on any individuals registered with bands from outside the region who may be living on reserve or crown lands within the region, and
  3. Since "On Reserve & Crown Land" is a roll-up of residency fields 1 through 5, they may include counts pertaining to registrants affiliated to First Nations from within the region, but residing on reserve or crown lands belonging to other bands administered outside the region.
  4. In the Yukon, the 'On Reserve & Crown Land' category includes individuals living on lands affiliated with First Nations operating under Self-Government Agreements.

Limitations on IR Data

An individual's information on the IRS is usually updated on the reporting of a life event to the First Nation's Indian Registry Administrator (IRA), although some bands may update the system more frequently. Perhaps the greatest limitation on Indian Register data involves the late reporting of these life events. According to recent history, about 70% of all births reported in any particular year actually occurred in a prior year. This is not out of the ordinary since it is common practice for children to be registered between the ages of 1 to 5. Besides births, individuals can remain on the Indian Register for some time after they are deceased. A certificate of death or a confirmation of presumed death is normally required to remove a name from the system.

A second major limitation involves residency codes. Similar to life events, residency codes tend to be updated by the IRA when a life event is reported (although some bands may again update the system more frequently). This makes it possible for an individual to move back and forth between on and off reserve, and never have his/her information updated if a life event was not reported. Furthermore, the residency field is optional when the IRA updates the system.

Prepared by: Statistics and Measurement Directorate (SMD), Feb 10, 2014

Did you find what you were looking for?

What was wrong?

You will not receive a reply. Don't include personal information (telephone, email, SIN, financial, medical, or work details).
Maximum 300 characters

Thank you for your feedback

Date modified: