Registered Indian Population by Residence and Gender 2014 - Summary Statistics

Registered Indian Population by Residence and Gender, 2014
AANDC Region All Residencies On Reserve & Crown Land Off Reserve
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
Source: AANDC, Indian Register, December 31, 2014
Canada/All Regions 936,225 460,582 475,643 488,062 247,814 240,248 448,163 212,768 235,395
Atlantic 62,468 30,542 31,926 23,460 11,673 11,787 39,008 18,869 20,139
Quebec 84,223 41,175 43,048 55,847 28,001 27,846 28,376 13,174 15,202
Ontario 202,960 98,611 104,349 94,312 47,641 46,671 108,648 50,970 57,678
Manitoba 150,017 74,636 75,381 89,705 45,851 43,854 60,312 28,785 31,527
Saskatchewan 147,585 72,863 74,722 72,199 36,670 35,529 75,386 36,193 39,193
Alberta 120,349 59,538 60,811 73,684 37,299 36,385 46,665 22,239 24,426
British Columbia 140,788 69,471 71,317 62,481 32,284 30,197 78,307 37,187 41,120
Yukon 9,192 4,566 4,626 3,985 2,132 1,853 5,207 2,434 2,773
Northwest Territories 18,643 9,180 9,463 12,389 6,263 6,126 6,254 2,917 3,337

For detailed information by individual First Nations, please contact


These counts were extracted from AANDC's Indian Registration System (IRS) as of December 31, 2014, and have not been adjusted for late reporting of births or deaths. Furthermore, they reflect residency codes for individuals affiliated with AANDC recognized First Nations only. As such, on reserve numbers for each Region should not be taken to represent the true population for the following reasons:

  1. They contain no information on any non-registered individuals who may be living on reserve or crown lands;
  2. They contain no information on any individuals registered with bands from outside the region who may be living on reserve or crown lands within the region;
  3. Since "On Reserve & Crown Land" is a roll-up of residency fields 1 through 5, they may include counts pertaining to registrants affiliated with First Nations from within the region, but residing on reserve or crown lands belonging to other bands administered outside the region; and,
  4. The "On Reserve & Crown Land" category includes individuals living on lands affiliated with First Nations operating under Self-Government Agreements (e.g. Yukon).

Limitations on Indian Register Data

An individual's information on the IRS is usually updated on the reporting of a life event to the First Nation's Indian Registry Administrator (IRA), although some bands may update the system more frequently. An important limitation on Indian Register data involves the late reporting of these life events. According to recent history, about 70% of all births reported in any particular year actually occurred in a prior year. This is not out of the ordinary since it is common practice for children to be registered between the ages of 1 to 5. Besides births, individuals can remain on the Indian Register for some time after they are deceased. A certificate of death or a confirmation of presumed death is normally required to remove a name from the system.

A second important limitation involves residency codes.  Similar to life events, residency codes tend to be updated by the IRA when a life event is reported (although some bands may again update the system more frequently). This makes it possible for an individual to move back and forth between on and off reserve, and never have his/her information updated if a life event was not reported. Furthermore, the residency field is optional when the IRA updates the system.

Prepared by: Statistics and Measurement Directorate (SMD), February 19, 2015

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