Food safety for hunting

Here are some things you can do to make sure the game you bring home is safe to eat.

Risk of disease spreading between people and animals

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Possible health effects

Wild game provides a major source of vitamin A, C, calcium, iron and protein and is beneficial to your health. However, wild game can be contaminated by chemical contaminants or natural toxins, parasites and bacteria. In addition, once the animal is killed there is an increased risk of contamination associated with the handling of the meat from the time it is caught to when it is prepared.

Some game such as bears or hares are recognized as hosts of certain parasites or diseases. Eating contaminated wild game can make you sick; therefore, you should always thoroughly cook game meat.


Bring these things when you go hunting to minimize the risk of contamination and spoilage:

Observing game

On the land, it is important to pay attention to animals' appearance and behaviour in order to identify those that may be sick. Do not kill animals that appear to be sick.

Typical signs of sickness in animals may include:

Never handle or eat an animal that has died from unknown causes.

Handling game

Here are some simple things you can do to reduce the risks when handling wild game:

Storing and cooking

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