Indigenous communities in Ontario

Ontario is home to 23% of all Indigenous peoples in Canada. There are 133 First Nations communities located across Ontario, representing at least 7 major cultural and linguistic groups.

These communities are located from Windsor in the South to the Northern shores of Hudson Bay. Five of the 20 largest bands in Canada are located in Ontario, with Mohawks of Six Nations being the largest. Over 30 First Nations in Ontario are considered remote, accessible only by air year-round or ice road for much of the year. There are more remote First Nations in Ontario than any other region. Urban centers with significant Indigenous populations living off-reserve are found in in Thunder Bay, Sudbury, Sault Ste. Marie, Timmins, Ottawa and Toronto.

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