Notices and requests related to An Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families
Section 25 of the Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families (the Act) requires that certain information provided under section 20 be posted online or made accessible to the public. The tables below display the notices and requests received by Indigenous Services Canada (ISC) under section 20 of the Act as well as information provided to ISC concerning Indigenous child and family services laws developed under the framework made pursuant to the Act.
Publication of this information is not intended to confirm any rights recognized and affirmed by section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982, the status of any notices or requests provided under section 20 of the Act, or the validity of the authorization of each Indigenous governing body.
Notices of intention to exercise legislative authority
Subsection 20(1) of the Act provides that an Indigenous governing body, acting on behalf of an Indigenous group, community or people, may give notice of their intention to exercise its legislative authority in relation to child and family services to the Minister of Indigenous Services and the government of each province and territory in which the group, community or people is located.
This table shows the notices provided to ISC, updated March 3, 2021.
|Province(s) or territory||Indigenous governing body||Indigenous group, community or people||Notice provided||Notice received|
|Ontario||Fort William First Nation||Fort William First Nation||January 14, 2020||January 14, 2020|
|Northwest Territories||Inuvialuit Regional Corporation||
|January 17, 2020||January 20, 2020|
|Ontario||Bearskin Lake First Nation||Bearskin Lake First Nation||February 1, 2020||February 1, 2020|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||Innu Nation||Mushuau Innu First Nation
Sheshatshiu Innu First Nation
|February 6, 2020||February 6, 2020|
|Saskatchewan||Pasqua First Nation||Pasqua First Nation||February 11, 2020||February 19, 2020|
|Manitoba||Sioux Valley Dakota Nation||Sioux Valley Dakota Nation||March 6, 2020||March 11, 2020|
|Alberta||Mikisew Cree Nation||Mikisew Cree Nation||June 4, 2020||July 8, 2020|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||Miawpukek First Nation||Miawpukek First Nation||July 20, 2020||July 29, 2020|
|Manitoba||Fisher River Cree First Nation||Fisher River Cree First Nation||September 30, 2020||October 13, 2020|
|Alberta||Enoch Cree Nation||Enoch Cree Nation||December 3, 2020||December 3, 2020|
Requests to enter into a coordination agreement
Subsection 20(2) of the Act provides that an Indigenous governing body acting on behalf of an Indigenous group, community or people may request a coordination agreement with the Minister of Indigenous Services and the government of each province or territory in which the group, community or people is located in relation to the exercise of the group, community or people's legislative authority. Note that requests provided under subsection 20(2) are implicitly considered notices of intent to exercise jurisdiction.
Within 12 months following the request, if a tripartite coordination agreement is reached, or no agreement is reached but reasonable efforts were made to reach an agreement, the laws of the Indigenous group and community would have force of law as federal law and would prevail over federal and provincial or territorial laws.
Such Indigenous laws must still respect sections 10 to 15 of the Act, the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
This table shows requests submitted to ISC, information on when coordination agreements were entered into with Indigenous governing bodies, and the date the Indigenous law comes into force. *Of note, under the Act, the date on which the request is made triggers a 12-month period after which an Indigenous governing body's Indigenous law can come into force as federal law, as long as the Indigenous governing body made reasonable efforts to enter into a coordination agreement. If these conditions are met, subject to some exceptions, their Indigenous law will prevail over conflicting provincial, territorial and federal legislation. The date on which the request is received by Indigenous Services Canada is included in the chart below as it constitutes a mandatory obligation under subsection 25(a) of the Act.
Updated March 3, 2021:
|Province(s) or territory||Indigenous governing body||Indigenous group, community or people||Request provided*||Request received*||Coordination agreement entered into||Date Indigenous law comes into force|
|Manitoba||Manitoba Métis Federation||Métis in Manitoba||Prior January 1, 2020||November 28, 2019||To be determined||To be determined|
|Ontario||Wabaseemoong Independent Nations||Wabaseemoong Independent Nations||January 6, 2020||January 6, 2020||To be determined||January 8, 2021
Wabaseemoong Independent Nations law
|January 7, 2020||January 7, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|Saskatchewan||Cowessess First Nation||Cowessess First Nation||January 9, 2020||January 11, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|Manitoba||Island Lake Tribal Council||Garden Hill First Nation
St. Theresa Point First Nation
Wasagamack First Nation
Red Sucker Lake First Nation
|January 18, 2020||January 21, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|Ontario||Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug||Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug||February 6, 2020||February 12, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|Manitoba||First Nations in Treaty 2 Territory||Dauphin River First Nation
Ebb and Flow First Nation
Gamblers First Nation
Keeseekoowenin First Nation
Lake Manitoba First Nation
Lake St. Martin First Nation
Little Saskatchewan First Nation
O-Chi-Chak-Ko-Sipi First Nation
Pinaymootang First Nation
Skownan First Nation
Tootinaowaziibeeng Treaty Reserve
|March 23, 2020||March 28, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|Quebec||Atikamekw d'Opiticiwan||Atikamekw d'Opiticiwan||March 23, 2020||March 23, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|British Columbia||Huu-ya-aht First Nations||Huu-ya-aht First Nations||March 26, 2020||March 31, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|Saskatchewan||Muskeg Lake Cree Nation||Muskeg Lake Cree Nation||June 4, 2020||June 17, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|Alberta||Whitefish Lake First Nation #459||Whitefish Lake First Nation #459||June 10, 2020||June 10, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|British Columbia||Splatsin||Splatsin||June 24, 2020||June 24, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|British Columbia||Sts'ailes First Nation||Sts'ailes First Nation||October 15, 2020||October 16, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|British Columbia||Stó:lō Xwexwilmexw Treaty Association||Áthelets
|October 16, 2020||October 19, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|British Columbia||Cowichan Tribes||Cowichan Tribes||October 19, 2020||October 21, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|Alberta||Louis Bull First Nation||Louis Bull First Nation||October 21, 2020||October 26, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|Manitoba||Opaskwayak Cree Nation||Opaskwayak Cree Nation||November 27, 2020||November 27, 2020||To be determined||To be determined|