Indigenous communities in Quebec

This map provides an overview of Indigenous Nations and communities in Quebec.

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Indigenous populations in Quebec

Definitions

Toponym:
The term "toponym" generally refers to reserves, Indian lands, establishments or other land bases.
Community Name:
The choice of a name belongs to the community, which explains unilingual presentation of certain names.
Residents:
The term "residents" means that the persons reside in the community to which they are affiliated.
Non-residents:
The term "non-residents" means that the persons do not reside in the community to which they are affiliated.

Algonquian linguistic family

Abenakis

Toponym Community Name Residents Non-residents Total
Odanak Odanak 288 2,500 2,788
Wôlinak Première Nation des Abénakis de Wôlinak 124 463 587
Total Abenakis 412 2,963 3,375

Algonquins

Toponym Community Name Residents Non-residents Total
Hunter's Point Wolf Lake 0 255 255
Kebaowek Kebaowek First Nation 289 832 1,121
Kitcisakik Communauté anicinape de Kitcisakik 383 142 525
Kitigan Zibi Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg 1,624 2,061 3,685
Lac-Simon La Nation Anishnabe du Lac-Simon 1,799 485 2,284
Pikogan Conseil de la Première Nation Abitibiwinni 587 500 1,087
Rapid Lake Algonquins of Barriere Lake 582 213 795
Timiskaming Timiskaming First Nation 648 1,871 2,519
Winneway Long Point First Nation 507 442 949
Total Algonquins 6,419 6,801 13,220

Atikamekw

Toponym Community Name Residents Non-residents Total
Coucoucache Conseil des Atikamekw de Wemotaci 0 0 0
Manawan Atikamekw de Manawan 2,590 466 3,056
Obedjiwan Bande des Atikamekw d'Opitciwan 2,513 613 3,126
Wemotaci Conseil des Atikamekw de Wemotaci 1,522 526 2,048
Total Atikamekw 6,625 1,605 8,230

Crees

Toponym Community Name Residents Non-residents Total
Chisasibi Cree Nation of Chisasibi 4,539 289 4,828
Eastmain Cree Nation of Eastmain 830 113 943
Mistissini Cree Nation of Mistissini 3,760 378 4,138
Nemiscau Cree Nation of Nemaska 767 76 843
Oujé-Bougoumou Oujé-Bougoumou Cree Nation 795 141 936
Waskaganish The Crees of the Waskaganish First Nation 2,300 596 2,896
Waswanipi Waswanipi 1,686 618 2,304
Wemindji Cree Nation of Wemindji 1,455 190 1,645
Whapmagoostui Whapmagoostui First Nation 904 118 1,022
Total Crees 17,036 2,519 19,555

Innus

Toponym Community Name Residents Non-residents Total
Betsiamites Bande des Innus de Pessamit 2,848 1,244 4,092
Essipit Bande Innue Essipit 228 822 1,050
Mashteuiatsh Première Nation des Pekuakamiulnuatsh 2,104 6,269 8,373
Matimekosh, Lac-John Bande de la Nation Innu Matimekush-Lac John 849 193 1,042
Mingan Bande des Innus de Ekuanitshit 635 55 690
Nutashkuan Première Nation des Innus de Nutashkuan 1,095 117 1,212
Pakuashipi Bande des Montagnais de Pakua Shipi 372 27 399
Romaine Montagnais de Unamen Shipu 1,165 78 1,243
Uashat, Maliotenam Innu Takuaikan Uashat mak Mani-Utenam 3,616 1,284 4,900
Total Innus 12,912 10,089 23,001

Maliseet

Toponym Community Name Residents Non-residents Total
Cacouna Première Nation Wolastoqiyik (Malécite) Wahsipekuk 0 1,552 1,552
Kataskomiq Première Nation Wolastoqiyik (Malécite) Wahsipekuk 0 0 0
Total Maliseet 0 1,552 1,552

Micmacs

Toponym Community Name Residents Non-residents Total
Gaspé La Nation Micmac de Gespeg 0 1,432 1,432
Gesgapegiag Micmacs of Gesgapegiag 707 906 1,613
Listuguj Listuguj Mi'gmaq Government 2,076 2,172 4,248
Total Micmacs 2,783 4,510 7,293

Naskapis

Toponym Community Name Residents Non-residents Total
Kawawachikamach Naskapi Nation of Kawawachikamach 691 106 797
Total Naskapis 691 106 797

Iroquoian linguistic family

Hurons-Wendat

Toponym Community Name Residents Non-residents Total
Wendake Nation Huronne Wendat 1,463 3,022 4,485
Total Hurons-Wendat 1,463 3,022 4,485

Mohawks

Toponym Community Name Residents Non-residents Total
Doncaster Mohawks of Kahnawá:ke / Mohawks of Kanesatake 0 0 0
Kahnawake Mohawks of Kahnawá:ke 7,965 3,378 11,343
Kanesatake Mohawks of Kanesatake 1,364 1,387 2,751
Total Mohawks 9,329 4,765 14,094
Only a portion of the Akwesasne Mohawk Reserve is located in the Province of Quebec. On the administrative level, this community comes under the autority of the Ontario regional office of Indigenous Services Canada.

General List

Toponym Residents Non-residents Total
Status Indians not associated with a Nation 0 238 238
Total 0 238 238
Status Indians are registered in accordance with the Indian Act. This serves to determine the number of residents and non-residents for each community.

Source: Indigenous Services Canada (ISC), Indian Register, December 31, 2021.

Eskimo-Aleut linguistic family

Inuit

Toponym Residents Non-residents Total
Akulivik 660 42 702
Aupaluk 211 11 222
Chisasibi 74 17 91
Inukjuak 1,790 126 1,916
Ivujivik 418 37 455
Kangiqsualujjuaq 889 56 945
Kangiqsujuaq 795 38 833
Kangirsuk 523 84 607
Killiniq 0 36 36
Kuujjuaq 2,022 200 2,222
Kuujjuarapik 652 89 741
Puvirnituq 1,740 148 1,888
Quaqtaq 412 40 452
Salluit 1,519 103 1,622
Tasiujaq 362 10 372
Umiujaq 488 21 509
Total Inuit 12,555 1,058 13,613
Inuit are registered as beneficiaries of the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement. This serves to determine the number of residents and non-residents for each municipality.

Source: Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, December 31, 2021

Grand Total

Residents Non-residents Total
70,260 39,193 109,453
The total global includes all First Nations members registered in accordance with the Indian Act as well as the Inuit registered as beneficiaries of the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement.

Map sources

This document is for informative purpose only and doesn't guarantee the validity, accuracy or applicability of the information it holds. Indigenous Services Canada (ISC) accepts no responsibility or liability for any errors, inaccuracies or omissions in this document.

Indigenous Services Canada, Band Governance Management System.

Indigenous Services Canada, Geomatics Services.

Satellite Image: Natural Resources Canada, National Atlas of Canada.© Department of Natural Resources Canada. All rights reserved.

For information regarding reproduction rights, please contact: communicationspublications@sac-isc.gc.ca

Indigenous Services Canada
Telephone: 1-800-567-9604
TTY only: 1-866-553-0554

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