First Nations On-Reserve Housing Program
The First Nations On-Reserve Housing Program helps provide more and better quality housing in First Nations communities in most of Canada. In British Columbia, support for better quality housing is provided through the Housing Support Program (formerly known as New Approach for Housing Support).
On this page
About the program
From 2015-2016 to 2019-2020, Indigenous Services Canada (ISC) provided an average of $149.5 million per year to improve First Nations on-reserve housing. First Nations can use these funds to build and renovate houses as well as contribute towards costs such as maintenance, insurance, debt servicing and the planning and management of a housing portfolio.
ISC does not cover the full cost of housing. First Nations communities and their residents are also expected to secure funding from other sources for their housing needs including shelter charges and private-sector loans.
The On-Reserve Housing Program and the B.C. Housing Support Program are part of ISC's Capital Facilities and Maintenance Program.
The Government of Canada also invests annually in other housing programs including Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation's On-Reserve Non-Profit Housing Program (Section 95) and the Residential Rehabilitation Assistance Program (RRAP).
Who can apply
First Nations in all provinces and Yukon that receive annual housing funding allocations through ISC’s 1996 On-Reserve Housing Policy do not need to apply.
Information on eligibility for applicants to the B.C. Housing Support Program.
Annual funding allocations received under ISC's 1996 On-Reserve Housing Policy are provided to First Nations at the beginning of the fiscal year (April 1).
There is no deadline to submit an application under the B.C. Housing Support Program. Proposals can be submitted throughout the year.
How to apply
First Nations that receive annual housing funding allocations through ISC's 1996 On-Reserve Housing Policy do not need to apply.
To apply to the B.C. Housing Support Program, please contact the ISC British Columbia regional office at 1-800-567-9604 or 604-775-5100 and ask to speak to the Housing Officer assigned to your community. They will provide you with the appropriate application templates and answer any questions you may have about this program.
On-Reserve Housing Policy
In 1996, the Government of Canada introduced the On-Reserve Housing Policy. It allows First Nations to play a key role in how, where and when housing funds are invested.
The 1996 policy's principles are:
- First Nations control
- First Nations expertise
- shared responsibilities
- increased access to private sector financing
The 1996 On-Reserve Housing Policy applies to First Nations in all provinces and Yukon, except for approximately 200 First Nations in British Columbia who did not opt into the Policy. In British Columbia, First Nations can apply for housing funding through the Housing Support Program, which allows smaller First Nations in British Columbia to receive fair access to funding.