On-reserve Income Assistance program

This program helps eligible on-reserve residents and Status Indians in the Yukon cover the costs of their daily living and provides funding to access employment supports.

COVID-19: Additional $270 million to this program to address increased demand

The Government of Canada will provide an additional $270 million to this program to address increased demand from First Nations individuals and families affected by COVID-19.

The funding will help:

Visit Coronavirus and Indigenous communities to find out how to apply for COVID-19-related benefits.

As part of its Budget 2018 commitments, the Government of Canada is supporting a First Nations-led engagement process to better understand how to make the Income Assistance program more responsive to the needs of clients and communities.

Budget 2018 proposes to invest $86.9 million over 2 years to improve the current Income Assistance Program.

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About the program

This is a program of last resort for eligible individuals and their families who are ordinarily resident on reserve or Status Indians who live in the Yukon.

Income assistance includes funds for:

If you have questions about this program, contact your regional office.

Who can apply?

Funding is provided to First Nations communities, organizations and other service providers, who are responsible for providing this program to their eligible on-reserve members. It is available in all provinces and the Yukon and is delivered in accordance with the income assistance rates and eligibility of the individuals' province of residence or the Yukon.

Individuals who believe they may be eligible will need to meet all of the following criteria:

An individual who is eligible and applies for income assistance will be assessed according to the criteria of their province or the Yukon. This assessment covers the individual's:

To find out more consult the eligibility requirements for individuals or your community's band office.

Who qualifies as ordinarily resident on-reserve?

Ordinarily resident on reserve means that an individual lives on-reserve and does not maintain a primary residence off reserve, but may be temporarily off reserve for the purpose of seeking education or obtaining care or services not available on reserve.


There are no deadlines for this program; individuals can apply at any time.

How to apply?

The application process depends on where you reside. Contact your community's band office for more details.

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