Jordan's Principle


To find out who's covered under Jordan's Principle, visit Who is covered.

COVID-19: update

During the coronavirus pandemic, Jordan's Principle continues to help First Nations children living in Canada access the products, services and supports they need. This can include, for example, laptops, tablets or other e-learning tools, if they meet an identified health, education or social need. At this time, professionals may not be available to provide supporting documents normally required to complete a request. We will take this into account when we review your request. In some cases, we will accept emails from professionals or documents can be provided later in the process. To find out more, contact your regional focal point. For support and up-to-date information on COVID-19, speak with your First Nation's leadership or visit COVID-19 and Indigenous communities.

Other updates

  • On September 6, 2019, the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal (CHRT) released a decision about compensation related to First Nations children removed from their home and those that did not receive services, or experienced unreasonable delays in the receipt of services, under Jordan's Principle. Following that, Canada and the parties to the CHRT complaint have developed a process for compensation. On October 2, 2020, Canada and the parties submitted a draft compensation process to the CHRT for consideration. To find out more visit or contact the toll-free Compensation Process and Support line at: 1-888-718-6496.
  • On July 17, 2020, the tribunal asked the Government of Canada and the parties to consult together and bring back to the tribunal by October 19, 2020:
    • further clarification on the definition of a First Nations child for eligibility under Jordan's Principle (a definition that does not limit eligibility for First Nations children off reserve to just those children with status or recognition by their self-government Nation)
    • a mechanism to identify citizens or members of First Nations in regards to Jordan's Principle eligibility
  • At this time, Indigenous Services Canada is in the process of reviewing the ruling, with more information to come. To find out who's covered under Jordan's Principle, including eligibility related to the implementation of Bill S-3, visit Who is covered.

Jordan's Principle makes sure all First Nations children living in Canada can access the products, services and supports they need, when they need them. Funding can help with a wide range of health, social and educational needs, including the unique needs that First Nations Two-Spirit and LGBTQQIA children and youth and those with disabilities may have.

Jordan's Principle is named in memory of Jordan River Anderson. He was a young boy from Norway House Cree Nation in Manitoba.

Requests for Inuit children can be made through the Inuit Child First Initiative.

Helping First Nations children

Description: Helping First Nations children

Between July 2016 and August 31, 2020, more than 717,000 products, services and supports were approved under Jordan's Principle. These included:

  • speech therapy
  • educational supports
  • medical equipment
  • mental health services
  • and more

A legal rule

In 2016, the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal (CHRT) determined the Government of Canada's approach to services for First Nations children was discriminatory. One way we are addressing this is through a renewed approach to Jordan's Principle.

Since the ruling, the CHRT has issued a number of follow-up orders about Jordan's Principle. In May 2017, the CHRT ordered that the needs of each individual child must be considered, to ensure the following is taken into account under Jordan's Principle:

This means giving extra help when it is needed so First Nations children have an equal chance to thrive.

What we are doing

We are supporting children who need help right away and are making long-term changes for the future, such as through reforming child and family services.

For the long-term, we are working to build better structures and funding models. These will make sure First Nations children living in Canada get the products, services and supports they need, when they need them. To do this, we are working closely with:

Since 2016, the Government has made available $679.9 million to Jordan's Principle to help with health, social and education services that are needed right away.

Local service coordinators have been hired in communities across Canada. They can help families who:

We fund these coordinators, who are staffed by:

We also have staff across the country dedicated full-time to Jordan's Principle. They work closely with the local coordinators to make sure all requests are processed as quickly as possible.

Related links

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