Water in First Nations communities

Find out how the Government of Canada works with First Nations to end long-term drinking water advisories and improve water and wastewater systems on reserve.


The claims application period for the First Nations Drinking Water Settlement closed March 7, 2024. For more information, visit First Nations Drinking Water Settlement.


You could be affected by a new class action litigation regarding the lack of access to clean drinking water on First Nations reserves since June 21, 2021. Find out more:

Services and information

Achieving clean drinking water in First Nations communities

Water projects, active advisories by community, training, operations and investments

Ending long-term drinking water advisories in First Nation communities

Learn about progress in ending long-term drinking water advisories on reserve.

Drinking water and wastewater legislation

Learn about why legislation is needed in First Nations communities and how new proposed water legislation is being developed.

About drinking water advisories

Learn about different types of drinking water advisories in First Nations communities.

Short-term drinking water advisories

Learn about short-term drinking water advisories in First Nations communities south of the 60th parallel.

Roles and responsibilities

Learn how the responsibility for providing water on reserve is shared between First Nations and the Government of Canada.

Supporting First Nations control of water delivery

Learn how First Nations communities are assuming control and delivery of infrastructure services.

Circuit Rider Training Program

Find out how First Nation community operators get trained through the Circuit Rider Training Program.

National First Nations Water Leadership Award

An annual award recognizing the contribution of a First Nation to clean and safe drinking water.

Drinking water monitoring

Learn how the Government of Canada works with First Nations communities to ensure effective monitoring of water quality.

Protocols and guidelines for water systems

Find protocols, guidelines and the policy for water and wastewater systems in First Nations communities.

Inspecting your well: A step-by-step checklist

Follow this step-by-step checklist on how to visually inspect your well.

National assessments of First Nations water and wastewater systems

Understand the results of the assessment, find national and regional reports and review the department's response plan.

Wastewater in First Nation communities

Learn about wastewater in First Nation communities.

Drinking water litigation

Learn about drinking water litigation and news regarding legal settlements affecting First Nations.

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